How to find elements by CSS selector in Selenium?

You can find elements by CSS selectors in Selenium by utilizing the find_element and find_elements methods and the By.CSS_SELECTOR argument.

find_element returns the first occurence of the CSS selector being used, while find_elements returns all elements of the page that match the selector. And By.CSS_SELECTOR simply tells Selenium to use the CSS selector matching method.

Here is some example code which navigates to ScrapingBee website and extracts some data using CSS selectors:

from selenium import webdriver
from import By

DRIVER_PATH = '/path/to/chromedriver'
driver = webdriver.Chrome(executable_path=DRIVER_PATH)

# Open Scrapingbee's website

# Get the first h1 element using find_element
first_h1 = driver.find_element(By.CSS_SELECTOR, "h1")

# Get all p elements using find_elements
all_p_elements = driver.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, "p")

# Get all a elements with the class of btn
all_btn_elements = driver.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, "a.btn")

# Get the textContent of the h1 element
h1_value = first_h1.text

# The total number of p elements on the page
p_total = len(all_p_elements)

# The total number of a.btn elements on the page
btn_elements_count = len(all_btn_elements)


You can find some additional examples of CSS selector usage in this article.

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